ソフトバンク「ルールの中で脱税します」

ソフトバンクビジョンファンドの低迷が止まらない。
米ペット関連企業ワグの株を売却する。
330億円の出資を白紙に戻す。
ソフトバンクヴィジョンンファンドが出資するドアダッシュ・ワッグラボの株価も下落している。
ソフトバンクグループの四半期決算の赤字は過去最大の7001億円となる。
そして、ソフトバンクは日本に税金を1円も払っていない。
18年3月の決算でソフトバンクは9兆円の利益を計上した。
純利益は1兆3900億円。
しかし、課税対象となる所得が無いとして法人税の支払いを一切していない。
そのからくりは、合法的な租税回避。
2016年イギリスで買収した子会社アームの株利益をグループ内で売り渡し、欠損金を生じさせる。
1・4兆円の黒字を1・4兆円の欠損金で消す。
税務上は、これで合法である。
ソフトバンクGには海外の節税のプロが集まっている。
ソフトバンクはスプリントの買収時にはタックスヘイブンを利用している。
ソフトバンクヴィジョンンファンドはロンドンシティに登記している。
ロナルドフィッシャー副社長は33億円の報酬を受け取る。
日本の上場企業高額報酬者のトップ10にソフトバンクGから5人がランクインする。
孫正義は年間報酬2億円、ソフトバンク株で100億円の配当を手にする。
社長・幹部・株主、丸儲けである。
ダブルアイリッシュウイズダッチサンドウイッチ。
アイルランドに会社を設立してオランダを通せば、租税回避できる。
GAFAの遣り口であり、いずれ日本企業も手を出す脱税スキームである。
日本のほとんどの企業が10月の消費増税で首を絞められている。
ソフトバンク・大企業と零細・中小企業の格差は犯罪並みである。
クーリエジャポン。
ソフトバンク・ビジョン・ファンドが投資するスタートアップが、世界中で保証金の未払いや契約の反故といった問題を起こし、現地労働者の怒りを買っている。
巨額の投資がスタートアップにもたらす「負の連鎖」を米誌「ニューヨーク・タイムズ」が取材した。
インド陸軍の退役将校スニル・ソランキー(63)は、ニューデリー郊外で「フォアサイトホテル」という名の宿泊施設を経営して5年になる。客室が20室あり商売も堅調だったが、実入りのいいビジネス客を呼び込みたいという思いもあった。
そんな折、2018年7月にホテル運営スタートアップ「オヨ(Oyo)」から、「フォアサイトホテルをビジネス客向けの最先端ホテルにしないか」という話が持ちかけられた。予約があろうがなかろうが毎月、保証金が支払われるという。
条件は、ホテルをオヨのブランド名に変更することと、同社のサイトを通じて予約を受け付けること。
ソランキーはこの条件を飲み、60万ルピー(約90万円)かけて、ホテルを改装。
だが、ビジネス客は現れなかった。
オヨ社からの月々の保証金は停止し、ソランキーはいま立ち退きを迫られている。
ソランキーが契約を結んだオヨは、史上最大のベンチャーキャピタルファンド「ソフトバンク・ビジョン・ファンド(以下、SVF)」の出資先だ。
ソランキーは、SVFの影響下にある何百万人もの労働者や自営業者のひとりなのだ。
SVFは、日本の巨大複合企業「ソフトバンク」が運営する1000億ドル(約11兆円)規模のファンドだ。
同社による大量の資金が世界を席捲し、その出資を受けたスタートアップが約束を破るたびに、人々の暮らしは翻弄されてきた。
ウーバーやWeWorkは氷山の一角、ソフトバンクが投資したスタートアップが世界中で大炎上している。
ソランキーに見せてもらった契約書には、オヨから3年間・毎月70万ルピーの保証金が支払われることが明記されていた。
だが、1年も経たないうちに約束は反故にされた。
ホテルにはビジネス客の代わりに、密会場所を求める未婚のカップルがやってきた。
しかもオヨがネット上で宿泊料を値引きしているため、それより高い料金を請求できない。
「私にとっては死活問題です」。
ホテル内の空っぽのレストランに座って、ソランキーはそうこぼす。
オヨ側は、契約を取り交わす前にソランキーがホテルの営業状況を偽っていたと主張している。
オヨは、インドの格安ビジネスホテルを統合するサイトとして2013年に創業し、現在は中国や東南アジアに進出している。
オヨは自社でホテルを所有することはなく、小さなホテルの経営者をうまい話で誘って自社ブランドのホテルになってもらい、オヨのサイト限定で予約を受けつける仕組みをとっている。
SVFは2015年からオヨへの投資を開始し、いまでは同社の株式の半分近くを所有。同社にもっと多くのホテルを加入させるように要求した。
2019年10月には、オヨは15億ドルの資金を調達。評価額は100億ドルに達し、インド第2位のスタートアップになった。
これもソフトバンクの後押しがあったからだ。
同社の孫正義会長は2018年、オヨについて次のように語っている。
「まったく新しいタイプのホテルで、急激な成長を遂げている。部屋数も純益も1万倍以上のペースで増え続けるだろう」。
同社が成長できたのは、ホテル経営者らに毎月の収入を保証してきたからだ。
この保証金は、ホテル経営者の取り分の前払いで、部屋の予約状況がどうであれ、支払われることになっていた。
このシステムも、ソフトバンクの資金があったから可能だった。
その代わり、ホテル側は朝食の無料サービスとオヨのトレードマークの赤と白のリネン類を追加。
さらに、Web予約は基本的にオヨのサイトで受け付けること、他のサイトでの予約条件はオヨに一任することに同意した。
だが、ホテルへの保証金によってインド地域の経営の赤字が増大した。
すると2018年からソフトバンクは、成長だけでなく収益性も重視するようオヨに迫るようになったと、同社の元社員や現役社員が匿名で証言してくれた。
ホテル組合も、オヨの保証金は中止、もしくは削減されたと話す。
また、宿泊料金が大幅に値下げされ、オヨの歩合や加盟料が引き上げられたという話も聞こえてきた。
2018年6月、インド南部の港湾都市コーチではホテル経営者70人以上が2日間のストライキを決行。
バンガロールやニューデリーなど他の都市にも抗議運動が広がった。
これを受けて、同年10月にインドの公正取引委員会は、独占禁止法違反の疑いでオヨに対する調査を開始した。
「状況は最悪で、私たちは騙されたと考えています」。
そう話すのは、インドホテル・レストラン連合組合会の名誉幹事プラディープ・シェティだ。同団体は約3000人のホテル経営者を代表して、公正取引委員会に提訴した。
19歳でオヨを設立したリテシュ・アガルワルCEOは、不満を抱いたり脱退しようとしたりしているホテルはごくわずかに過ぎないと、説明する。
最低保証金を引き下げたこともあったが、それは、ホテル側が契約交渉時に営業状況を偽って報告していた場合に限られるという。
「ホテル経営者のみなさんはいまでも、オヨが提供する優れた価値を最高の選択肢として考えています」とアガルワル。
だが、ソランキーは毎月15万ルピーの損失を出し続けている。
オヨとの契約は破棄するつもりだが、その前に保証金は全額支払ってもらうつもりだ。
オヨはその半分を支払うと言っているが、それも月々の保証金なしの新たな契約にソランキーがサインすればのことだという。
ソランキーは金融機関の融資を受けているが、賃貸料や電気代の支払いは滞っている。
9月には一時的に電気が差し止められ、11月には、家主から立ち退くように通告された。
「現代版おとり商法」の実態。
孫会長が2016年にSVFの構想を発表すると、歓呼の声に迎えられ、世界中のスタートアップに金が注ぎ込まれた。
その多くは、個人委託の労働力を利用してサービスを提供するビジネスモデルの企業だった。そうした企業に対して、孫会長は急速な成長を期待した。
出資を受けた企業の多くは、その資金を働き手を勧誘するための報奨金などに使用した。
だが、収益が上がらないと、ソフトバンクの態度が一変。
それが、報奨金の削減や契約の反故につながった。
貧乏くじを引いたのは、ソランキーのような契約者だ。巻き返しを図る力もなく、その多くが経済的に破綻した。
本紙「ニューヨーク・タイムズ」は、契約書や企業の内部文書を調査し、シカゴやニューデリー、北京、コロンビアのボゴタなど各地で、ソフトバンクが出資するスタートアップの契約労働者50人以上にインタビューを実施。
そこから見えてきたのは、世界中で繰り返される「現代版おとり商法」だった。
ソフトバンクヴィジョンンファンド。
投資に失敗するどころか、出資したOYOの詐欺・いかさまに手を貸している。
国税庁、野放しで良いのか。

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